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The clinical characteristics of the emerging “Corona virus”

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An Article by: Ibrahim Al-Jaafari

Translated by: Nahid Khalifa

Published studies and research from countries all over the world are continuing on a highly basis, to find out and be more familiar with the characteristics of this killer Corona virus, which has collected many lives worldwide, reaching a death rate of more than 2.2% percent, while the primary reproductive rate of infection from this emerging virus is about 4% in China.

This means that a person infected with the virus can infect more than four people, as explained by the Chinese Academy of Sciences at Beijing University.

The following epidemiological statistical results of the most recent scientific studies published in the Journal of the American Medical Association indicate that there is about 138 patients, of which 36 patients were admitted for ICU treatment:

1- The average age of infected people in intensive care is 66 years, and outside of intensive care the average is 51 years, while the overall average is 56 years.

2- There were no statistically significant differences between males and females in the pandemic of coronavirus, and this means that the likelihood of contracting the disease is equal between males and females.

3- Only 8 % of the infected people have visited the Hunan Fish and Seafood Market, while the largest percentage of infected people which is about 92% have never been to that market.

4- The results indicate that patients with high blood pressure and cardiovascular diseases have the highest probability of being targeted by the virus, with a combined percentage of 45.7%, while the percentage of infected people who are patients with diabetes is only 10.1%, and the rest of the ratios are distributed among patients with chronic liver and kidney diseases.

5- The results of symptoms and signs of the disease indicate that 98.6%  of the patients had severe fever, 69.6%  had fatigue, 59.4%  had a dry cough, 39.9%  had anorexia, 34.8%  had muscle pain, 31.2% had shortness of breath, 17.4 % had pain in the pharynx, and very few percentages of the affected subjects had nausea, headache, and abdominal pain.

6- The results of laboratory tests for patients with the emerging coronavirus indicate that most of the laboratory tests were at the normal level, except for a rise in the time of prothrombin, an increase in lactate hydrogen, an increase in procalcitonin, as well as a decrease in monosite lymphocytes.

إبراهيم الجعفري

ابراهيم الجعفري الغامدي، دكتوراه في علم الوبائيات والإحصاء الطبي من جامعة لينكولن البريطانية، أستاذ مساعد بجامعة الباحة، نشر عدد من البحوث العلمية في مجلات عالمية محكمة ومرموقة مسجلة ببوابة الأبحاث العالمية، له عدد من الدراسات في الدراسات الوبائية الوصفية والتحليلية للأمراض المعدية وغير المعدية.

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